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Birth defects and causes......4

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Birth defects and causes......4


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In USA birth defects statistics taken from CDC  you can see from link
 https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/data.html

Please also see the birth defects statistics and causes
http://www.pcrm.org/research/resch/reschethics/birth-defect-statistics


My Advice
1.  Most of birth defects can be avoided if couple develop positive thoughts before conceiving example..Blind births, mentally handicapped
2.  Some birth defects can be avoided if the couple follow Healthy life style  example...some physical defects such as bone defective, brain etc..
3.  Some birth defects can be avoided with Healthy food.  I explained each nutrient clearly.
4.  Follow Positive thinking, Healthy life style and healthy food
5.  Wait to enjoy with

Birth defects and causes......3

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Birth defects and causes......3




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6...   What are different types of Birth defects?
There are two main types of birth defects: structural and functional/developmental. Structural birth defects are related to a problem with body parts. Some physical problems include cleft lip or cleft palate, heart defects, such as missing or misshaped valves, and abnormal limbs, such as a club foot. They also include neural tube defects, such as spina bifida, problems that are related to the growth and development of the brain and spinal cord. Functional birth defects are related to a problem with how a body part or body system works. These problems often lead to developmental disabilities and can include things such as: Nervous system or brain problems - such as learning disabilities, mental retardation, behavioral disorders, speech or language difficulties, convulsions, and movement trouble. Some examples of birth defects that affect…

Birth defects and causes......2

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Birth defects and causes......2



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4...    Birth defects and facts
*Birth defects facts by John P. Cunha, DO, FACOE Birth defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth that cause physical or mental disability. They are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life.Birth defects may be caused by genetic problems, problems with chromosomes, or environmental factors.Structural birth defects are related to a problem with body parts such as cleft lip or cleft palate, heart defects such as missing or misshaped valves, abnormal limbs such as a club foot, and neural tube defects such as spina bifidaFunctional birth defects are related to a problem with how a body part or body system works. These problems often lead to developmental disabilities and can include things such as nervous system or brain problems, sensory problems, metabolic disorders, and degenerative disorders.Treatments …

Birth defects and causes......1

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Birth defects and causes......1




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Birth defects facts* Birth defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth that cause physical or mental disability. They are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life. Birth defects may be caused by genetic problems, problems with chromosomes, or environmental factors. Couple should Develop Positive thoughts before conceiving will avoid birth defects and they should follow Healthy food which contains all needed nutrients..

1.... Types of Common Birth defects
Defects that may be detected through prenatal screening include:
neural tube defects (spina bifida, anencephaly)
Down syndrome and other chromosome abnormalities.
inherited metabolic disorders.
congenital heart defects.
gastrointestinal and kidney malformations.
cleft lip or palate.

certain birth defects of the limbs

These can include: Cleft lip or cleft palate.Heart defects, such as missing or …

Zinc deficiency during pregnancy...4

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Zinc deficiency during pregnancy...4





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8...   Should you take a zinc supplement?
If you're not already getting enough from your diet, your  prenatal vitamin supplement will most likely provide all the zinc you need.
Most people who eat meat and have a reasonably well-balanced diet get plenty of zinc. But if you eat a mostly vegetarian diet, you may have a hard time getting enough zinc from food alone because it's harder to absorb the mineral from plant foods – you may want to ask your healthcare provider if you need a zinc supplement.    Too much zinc can cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. In fact, the National Academy of Sciences, the group that sets the recommended daily amounts for the government, 
9...    The signs of a zinc deficiency Deficiencies in the United States are rare, but it can cause impaired sense of smell or taste, a loss of appetite, failure to grow (for children), and a lowe…

Zinc deficiency during pregnancy...3

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Zinc deficiency during pregnancy...3



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5...   Zinc Benefits
Zinc is the second most important essential trace mineral after iron, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. However, the body only needs a small amount, and serious deficiencies are rare in developed countries. During pregnancy, supplementation may be beneficial in cases of severe deficiency. In a 2001 study by researchers from the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research in Bangladesh, low-birth-weight infants whose mothers received zinc supplements during pregnancy had a decreased risk of conditions including acute diarrhea, dysentery and impetigo.

6...   Zinc Dosage
Food is the best way to obtain zinc during pregnancy, and also the safest. Foods that contain zinc include red meat, poultry, cheese, shrimp and legumes. According to Medline Plus, zinc supplements are likely safe during pregnancy, as long as they do not exceed the Rec…

Zinc deficiency during pregnancy...2

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Zinc deficiency during pregnancy...2



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4....   Zinc supplementation during pregnancy
Zinc is an essential mineral known to be important for many biological functions including protein synthesis, cellular division and nucleic acid metabolism. Severe zinc deficiency is rare in humans, but mild to moderate deficiency may be common, especially in populations with low consumption of zinc-rich animal-source foods and high intakes of foods rich in phytates, which inhibit zinc absorptiont is estimated that over 80% of pregnant women worldwide have inadequate zinc intake, consuming on average 9.6 mg zinc per day, well below the recommended minimum daily levels for the last two trimesters of pregnancy in settings of low zinc bio availability. It has been suggested that maternal zinc deficiency may compromise infant development and lead to poor birth outcomes. Low plasma zinc concentrations reduce placental zinc transport and may a…